imrc

mOsm Aqy zmIn : imrc dI &sl grm Aqy is`lHy jlvwXU iv`c vDIAw huMdI hY [ imrc dI KyqI vwsqy 130-150 idn q`k kory rihq mOsm Aqy 15-35 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf qwpmwn Fu`kvW huMdw hY[ Awm qOr qy imrcW qy 30 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf qoN au~pr qwpmwn qy &l nhIN bxdw [ jykr qwpmwn 40 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf qoN v`D jwvy qW Pu`l bhuq G`t l`gdw hY Aqy &l JV jWdy hn [ jdoN hvw iv`c nmI G`t jwvy Aqy KuSk hvwvW vgx qW ieh sm`isAw hor vI vD jWdI hY [ imrc dI kwSq keI qrHW dI zmIn iv`c ho skdI hY pr cMgy inkws vwlI BrpurI zmIn ijs iv`c kwPI m`lHV dI mwqrw hovy, vDIAw huMdI hY [ imrc dI &sl iek idn qoN v`D pwxI nhIN sihx kr skdI[ BwvyN imrc dI kwSq 5.0-8.0 pI AYc q`k dIAW zmInW iv`c ho skdI hY pr vDyry aupj 6.5 pI AYc dIAW zmInW ivc vDIAw huMdI hY [

au~nq hweIibRf/iksmW

hweIibRf

ic`lI hweIibRf-3 (sI AYc-3) (2002) : ieh AYm AYs 12 Aqy AYs 2530 dy AwpsIkrn nwl bxweI geI hY [ ieh AgyqI iksm hY, ijsdy gUVHy hry pqrwl Aqy &l hyTW v`l l`gdy hn [ iesdy &l lMmy huMdy hn jo pihlW gUVHy hry rMg dy Aqy p`k ky gUVHy lwl ho jWdy hn [ ienHW ivc G`t kuV`qx (0.51 pRqISq kYpsyisn) izAwdw su`kw mwdw (22.5 pRqISq) Aqy coKw ivtwimn-sI (109.95 imlI gRwm pRqI 100 gRwm) huMdy hn [ iesdy gUVHy lwl rMg dy &l iesnUM imrcW dw pyst bxw ky bwhr Byjx dy Xog bxwauNdy hn [ iesdI AOsq pYdwvwr 110 kuieMtl pRqI eykV huMdI hY [

ic`lI hweIibRf-1 (sI AYc-1) (1992) : ieh iek doglI iksm hY jo AYm AYs-12 Aqy AYl AYl AYs dw sumyl hY [ ies dy bUitAW dI aucweI qkrIbn ie`k mItr dI ho jWdI hY qy PYlwA kw&I izAwdw huMdw hY [ iesdy bUty kw&I lMmy smyN q`k &l idMdy rihMdy hn [ &lW dw rMg pihlW hrw huMdw hY pr p`kx smyN ienHW dw rMg gUVHw lwl huMdw hY[ ienHW dy &l dw Awkwr drimAwnw (6.62 sYNtImItr lMmw) Aqy iek &l dw Bwr qkrIbn 2.7 gRwm huMdw hY [ ies iksm dy bUitAW nUM au~lI qy ivSwxUM rog G`t l`gdy hn [ iesdy &l slwd leI Aqy sukwaux leI kw&I cMgy hn [ lwl imrcW dw JwV qkrIbn 100 kuieMtl pRqI eykV huMdw hY [ ienHW dy &lW ivc kOVypx dw q`q 0.80% hY Aqy f`bwbMdI vwsqy kw&I au~qm hY [

iksmW

pMjwb sMDUrI (2013) : ies iksm dy pOdy drimAwnI aucweI dy Aqy G`t PYlwA vwly huMdy hn [ ies dw pqrwl gUVHw hry rMg dw huMdw hY [ ieh ie`k AgyqI iksm hY Aqy lwl imrc dI quVweI 75 idnW bwAd ho jWdI hY [ ies dy &l lMmy (7.15 sYNtImItr), motI iC~lV vwly Aqy gUVHy hry huMdy hn pr p`k ky iehnW dw rMg gUVHw lwl huMdw hY[ iehnW iv`c kuV`qx dy q`q dI mwqrw 1.0 pRqISq Aqy ivtwimn-sI dI mwqrw 155 imlIgRwm pRqI 100 gRwm huMdI hY [ ies dI AOsq pYdwvwr 76 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ ieh iksm dUr durwfy dIAW mMfIAW iv`c Byjx leI Fu`kvI hY [

pMjwb qyj (2013) : ies iksm dy pOdy drimAwnI aucweI dy Aqy G`t PYlwA vwly huMdy hn [ ies dw pqrwl gUVHw hry rMg dw huMdw hY [ ieh ie`k AgyqI iksm hY Aqy lwl imrc dI quVweI 75 idnW bwAd ho skdI hY [ ies dy &l lMmy (6.8 sYNtImItr), pqlI iC`lV vwly Aqy hlky hry rMg dy huMdy hn pr p`k ky iehnW dw rMg gUVHw lwl ho jWdw hY [ ieMnHW iv`c kuV`qx dy q`q dI mwqrw 1.32 pRqISq hY Aqy ivtwimn- sI dI mwqrw 115 imlIgRwm pRqI 100 gRwm huMdI hY [ ies dI AOsq pYdwvwr 56 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ ieh iksm pRosYisMg vwsqy Fu`kvI hY [

pMjwb surK (1995) : ies iksm dy pOidAW dI au~cweI drimAwnI, p`qy gUVHy hry, &l lMmy (7 sYNtImItr) Aqy hry huMdy hn [ &lW dw rMg p`k ky gUVHw lwl ho jWdw hY [ ienHW imrcW nUM slwd dy qOr qy vriqAW jw skdw hY Aqy sukwaux leI bhuq cMgI hY [ ies iksm ivc &lW dy glx dy rog nUM sihx dI smr`Qw hY [ ieh iek ivSwxU rog rihq iksm hY [ ieh iksm AgyqI quVweI idMdI hY Aqy lwl imrcW dI quVweI smyN pYdwvwr qkrIbn 80 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ su`kIAW imrcW ivc kuV`qx dy q`q dI mwqrw 0.80 pRqISq hY [

pMjwb gu`Cydwr (1995) : ies iksm dI cox ieMfonySIAw qoN kIqI geI hY[ ies iksm dy pOdy drimAwny Awkwr dy, &l Coty (5 sYNtImItr) KVHvyN Aqy gu`iCAw ivc huMdy hn Aqy hryk gu`Cy ivc qkrIbn 5-16 &l huMdy hn [ &l quVweI smyN fMfI C`f idMdy hn [ &l cmkIly Aqy hry huMdy hn [ p`kx qy &l gUVHy lwl huMdy hn [ ieh iksm sukwaux Aqy f`bwbMdI leI bhuq au~qm hY [ ies iksm au~qy &lW dy glx dw rog Aqy ivSwxUM rog dw hmlw G`t huMdw hY [ ieh &sl p`kx ivc pCyqI hY qy lwl &lW dI pYdwvwr quVweI smyN 60 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ su`kIAW lwl imrcW ivc kuV`qx qy q`q dI mwqrw 0.98 pRqISq hY [

ibjweI dy FMg : bIj dI mwqrw : iek eykV dI pnIrI iqAwr krn leI 200 gRwm bIj kw&I hY [ ie`k mrly dIAW ikAwrIAW (25 vrg mItr) iek eykV dI ibjweI leI kw&I hn [

ibjweI dw smW : A^Ir AkqUbr qoN A~D nvMbr q`k pnIrI bIjo Aqy &rvrI-mwrc iv`c Kyq ivc lw idau [

pnIrI bIjx dw qrIkw : imrcW dw bIj au~cIAW ikAwrIAW ivc bIijAw jWdw hY [ ies leI svw mItr cOVweI dIAW ikAwrIAW jo zmIn qoN 15 sYNtImItr au~cIAW hox bxw lYxIAW cwhIdIAW hn [ ikAwrIAW bxwaux auprMq zmIn nUM khI jW Kurpy nwl polw kr lE[ jykr m`lVH pwaux dI loV hovy qW iDAwn r`Ko ik ieh cMgI qrHW gilAw siVAw hovy qy zmIn ivc cMgI qrHW imlw lE [ ies qoN bwAd zmIn nUM PwrmwlIn dvweI dy 1.5-2.0% qwkq dy Gol nwl soD lE [ ieh krn vwsqy 15-20 imlIiltr dvweI qkrIbn ie`k iltr pwxI ivc pwE [ ieh Gol qkrIbn 4-5 iltr pRqI vrg mItr pwE qW jo im`tI dI qkrIbn 6 ieMc qih gVu`c ho jwvy [ ies qoN bwAd ikAwrIAW nUM polIQIn nwl 48-72 GMty leI cMgI qrHW F`k idE [ ies qoN bwAd im`tI nUM dobwrw Kurpy nwl polw kro qW jo dvweI vwSpIkrn duAwrw hvw ivc clI jwvy qy bUty dI au~gx SkqI nUM nw Gtwvy [ ies qoN 3-4 idnW bwAd ibjweI kIqI jw skdI hY [ ibjweI cOVy ru`K kqwrW ivc 5 sYNtImItr dy &wsly qy kro [
chilli

imaUryt Aw& potwS (sPYd) pRqI eykV dy ihswb nwl hr cOQy idn 21 brwbr dy ih`isAw iv`c vMf ky pwau [

quVweI : pIs ky vrqI jwx vwlI imrc qoVn vyly lwl hoxI cwhIdI hY [ ies leI 6-7 quVweIAW dI loV hY [ Awcwr leI hrIAW imrcW qoVo[ lwl qoVIAW imrcW nUM Du`p ivc sukw ky r`Ko [

bIj auqpwdn : imrc Aksr pr-pRwgx vwlI &sl hY [ ies leI G`to G`t 400 mItr dI dUrI ies dIAW iksmW ivckwr hoxI cwhIdI hY [ bIj Su`D r`Kx vwsqy keI vwrI inrIKx krnw cwhIdw hY[ pihlw inrIKx Pu`l Awaux qoN pihlW krnw cwhIdw hY Aqy Axcwhy bUty qy izAwdw Agyqy bUty pu`txy cwhIdy hn[ dUjw inrIKx Pu`l Awaux Aqy &l l`gx qy krnw cwhIdw hY [ ijsdy pOdy iksm dI Su`Dqw ijvyN ik &l dw Akwr, rMg, &l l`gx dI siQqI, Pu`l dw rMg, pOdy dw PYlwau Aqy p`iqAW dIAW ivSySqwvW ijvyN ik p`qy dw rMg Aqy siQqI Awid qy krnw cwhIdw hY ijhVy bUty ieh Su`Dqw nhIN r`Kdy, pu`t dyxy cwhIdy hn [ qIjw inrIKx PlW dI quVweI qoN pihlW krnw cwhIdw hY Aqy Su`D pOdy hI bIj bxwaux vwsqy r`Kxy cwhIdy hn [ lwl p`ky hoey &l qoV ky Du`p iv`c sukwauxy cwhIdy hn [ CotI p`Dr qy h`Q nwl bIj k`iFAw jWdw hY pr v`fI p`Dr qy bIj pI ey XU dI AYkisl Plo sbzIAW dy bIj k`Fx vwlI mSIn nwl k`iFAw jw skdw hY [ iPr bIj nUM tYst krn qoN bwAd drjwbMdI krky sukw ky, pYikMg Aqy lybl lgwauxy cwhIdy hn [