gwjr

mOsm Aqy zmIn :

gwjr dy bIj nUM puMgrn leI 7.2-23.9 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf Aqy bUty dy ivkws leI 18.3-23.9 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf qwpmwn cwhIdw hY [ gwjr dw vDIAw rMg 15-20 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf qwpmwn qy bxdw hY [ jy qwpmwn 30 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf qoN au~pr jWdw hY qW gwjrW iv`c kuV`qx pYdw ho jWdI hY Aqy jVHW sKq ho jWdIAW hn [ gwjrW vwsqy fUMGI polI cIkxI mYrw zmIn bhuq vDIAw huMdI hY ikauNik ies iv`c jVHW TIk v`DdIAW hn [ BwrIAW zmInW jVHW dy vwDy nUM rokdIAW hn Aqy jVHW dusWgVW bxdIAW hn [ ijs zmIn dI pI AYc 6.5 hovy, auh vDIAw jVHW Aqy pYdwvwr leI TIk mMnI jWdI hY [

au~nq iksmW :

pMjwb kYrt rY~f (2014) : ieh iek dysI iksm hY jo ibjweI qoN lgBg 85-90 idnW bwAd pu`tx Xog ho jWdI hY [ ies dy p`qy hry Aqy jVHW gUVIAW lwl, lgBg 27 sYNtImItr lMbIAW Aqy 3.40 sYNtImItr ivAws dIAW huMdIAW hn [ ies iv`c jUs dI imkdwr 515 imlIiltr pRqI iklo, bItw kYrotIn 8.44 imlIgRwm pRqI 100 gRwm, tI AYs AYs 9.2 pRqISq, KMf dI imkdwr 8.04 pRqISq Aqy su`kw mwdw 11.0 pRqISq hY [ iesdI AOsq pYdwvwr 230 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY[ pMjwb blYk ibaUtI (2013) : ieh iksm ibjweI qoN 90-95 idnW bwAd pu`tx leI iqAwr ho jWdI hY [ ies dIAW jVHW jwmxI kwlIAW huMdIAW hn jo ik 26 sYNtImItr lMmIAW Aqy 3.20 sYNtImItr ivAws dIAW huMdIAW hn [ KurwkI p`K qoN ieh bhuq vDIAw iksm hY Aqy dvweIAW bxwaux dy kMm vI AwauNdI hY [ ieh iksm AYQoswieinn (182 imlIgRwm/100 gRwm) Aqy iPnoilj (73 imlIgRwm/100 gRwm) nwl BrBUr hY jo kYNsr vrgIAW iBAwnk ibmwrIAW qoN bcwauNdy hn[ ies iv`c lohy dI mwqrw 1.10 imlIiltr/100 gRwm huMdI hY jo KUn dI kmI nUM pUrw krdI hY [ ies iv`c jUs dI imkdwr (580 imlIiltr/ iklo) izAwdw hY Aqy kYlSIAm (50 imlIgRwm/100 gRwm), tI.AYs.AYs (7.5 pRqISq) Aqy sukw mwdw (11.0 pRqISq) vI kw&I huMdw hY [ ieh iksm slwd, jUs, Acwr Aqy kwjI leI FukvIN hY Aqy AOsq pYdwvwr 196 kuieMtl pRqI eykV idMdI hY [

pI. sI.-34 (2005) : ieh iksm ibjweI qoN 90 idnW bwAd putweI Xog ho jWdI hY [ iesdy p`qy gUVHy hry Aqy k`d 62 sYNtImItr hY[ ies dIAW jVHW lwl huMdIAW hn [ jVHW dI lMbweI 25 sYNtImItr Aqy ivAws 3.15 sYNtImItr. hY jdoN ik ik`l dI motweI 0.95 sYNtImItr hY [ iesdy su`kx dw mwdw 13.3 pRqISq hY qy jUs dI imkdwr 480 imlIiltr pRqI iklo hY [ ies dI tI AY~s AY~s 8.8 pRqISq Aqy KMf dI imkdwr 5.81 pRqISq hY [ ies ivc kYrotIn 8.86 imlIgRwm pRqI 100 gRwm hY [ ies dI AOsq pYdwvwr 204 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [

ibjweI dw smW Aqy bIj dI mwqrw : gwjr dIAW dysI iksmW dI ibjweI leI Agsq-sqMbr Aqy AMgryzI iksmW dI ibjweI leI AkqUbr-nvMbr Fu`kvW smW hY [ gwjr leI bIj dI mwqrw 4-5 iklo pRqI eykV kw&I hY [

ibjweI dw qrIkw : Coty p`Dr qy ibjweI leI kqwrW ivckwr 45 sYNtImItr Aqy bUitAW ivckwr 7.5 sYNtImItr &wslw r`Kxw cwhIdw hY [ cMgI kuAwltI dI gwjr iqAwr krn leI bUitAW nUM ivrlw krnw zrUrI hY[ v`fy p`Dr qy ibjweI trYktr nwl c`lx vwlI ieMnklweIf plyt plWtr mSIn nwl 67.5 sYNtImItr cOVy bYfW qy kIqI jw skdI hY[ ieh mSIn ie`k bYf qy cwr kqwrW ijhnW iv`c &wslw 10 sYNtImItr qy bUty qoN bUty dw &wslw 8 sYNtImItr qy ibjweI krdI hY [ mSIn nwl ibjweI kIqI gwjr nUM ivrlw krn dI loV nhIN pYNdI [

ndInW dI rokQwm : gwjrW SurU iv`c hOlI-hOlI vDdIAW hn, ijs kwrn SurU iv`c ndInW dI sm`isAw ho jWdI hY [ ndInW dI rokQwm leI gol 23.5 eI.sI. (AwksIkloroPYn) 200 imlIiltr pRqI eykV nUM 200 iltr pwxI iv`c Gol ky ibjweI qoN 2 idnW dy AMdr-AMdr iCVko [

pwxI : ibjweI qoN POrn bwAd pihlw pwxI lwau [ gwjr leI 3-4 pwxIAW dI loV huMdI hY [ loV qoN izAwdw pwxI dyx nwl jVHW dI Skl ivgV jWdI hY, gwjr dw vDIAw rMg nhIN bxdw Aqy izAwdw vwl Aw jWdy hn[

gofI krnI Aqy im`tI cVHwauxw : gwjr nUM gofI ibjweI qoN 4- 5 h&qy bwAd kro Aqy gofI qoN qurMq bwAd im`tI cVHwau [

putweI : gwjrW iksm Anuswr 85-100 idnW bwAd putweIXog ho jwdIAW hn [ gwjrW jwmxI kwlIAW jW gUVHy sMqrI jW lwl rMg dIAW Aqy mMfIkrn Anuswr Awkwr Xog hox qW pu`tIAW jw skdIAW hn [ v`fy p`Dr qy gwjr dI putweI trYktr nwl c`lx vwlI mSIn nwl kIqI jWdI hY jo ik ie`k GMty iv`c 0.62 eykV dI putweI kr idMdI hY [

pRosYisMg : iek AijhI qknIk dw ivkws kIqw igAw hY, ijs Anuswr mOsmI gwjr Aqy AWvly dy sumyl qoN KmIr nwl iqAwr kIqI bYvryj (py) pdwrQ bxwieAw igAw hY, ijsdI iqAwr krn dI ivDI Coty Aqy v`fy skyl ’qy ho skdI hY Aqy ijsnUM iqMn mhIny q`k vriqAw jw skdw hY [ ies py pdwrQ iv`c ^urwkI q`q pUry hI rihMdy hn [ ies qknIk dy ivkws nwl gwjr dy mOsm ivc mMfI ivc AweI vDyry gwjr nUM pIx vwly pdwrQ ivc bdl ky gwjr dI shI vrqoN ho jWdI hY Aqy KurwkI q`q vI lMmy smyN q`k ley jw skdy hn [

bIj pYdw krnw : sbzI leI &sl augwaux vwlIAW is&wrSW hI bIj vwlI &sl leI vrqo [ ie`k eykV iv`c augweIAW gwjrW 4 eykV bIj vwlI &sl leI kw&I hn [ dsMbr dy dUjy pMdrHvwVy f`kW nUM 45x30 sYNtImItr dy &wsly qy lwau Aqy pRqI eykV 30 iklo nweItRojn (65 iklo XUrIAw) Aqy 8 iklo &ws&ors (50 iklo supr&ws&yt) pwau [ swrI PwsPors Aqy A`DI nweItRojn f`k lwaux qoN pihlw Kyq iv`c imlw idau Aqy bwkI dI A`DI nweItRojn f`k lwaux qoN 30 idn bwAd pwau [