bYNgx

mOsm Aqy zmIn : bYNgxW nUM vDx Pu`lx leI lMmy Aqy grm mOsm dI loV hY [ bhuqw korw pYx nwl ies dy pOdy mr jWdy hn [ kVkdI TMF vI jy lgwqwr kw&I icr pYNdI rhy qW vI &sl nUM kwPI nukswn phuMcdw hY [ ies dI kwSq leI cMgy jl inkws vwlI zrKyj zmIn Xog huMdI hY [ ies dy pOdy sKqjwn huMdy hn Aqy keI qrHW dI zmIn ivc ho skdy hn [ pr ryqlI mYrw jW cIknI mYrw zmIn ies leI sB qoN Fu`kvIN hY [ jy zmIn kudrqI qOr qy aupjwaU nw hovy qW aus ivc rUVI Aqy rswiexk KwdW pwauxIAW cwhIdIAW hn [

au~nq iksmW/hweIibRf

1. gol bYNgx : pMjwb nIlm (1998) : ieh iksm pnIrI pu`t ky lwaux qoN 65 idnW bwAd &l dyx leI iqAwr ho jWdI hY [ ies iksm dy bUty drimAwny au~cy, is`Dy Aqy kMfy rihq huMdy hn [ ies dw pqrwl hrw huMdw hY jo jwmnI BwA mwrdw hY, &l AMfy vrgy gol, drimAwny Awkwr dy Aqy cmkIly gUVHy jwmnI rMg dy huMdy hn [ ieh iksm &rvrI Aqy Agsq ivc lwaux leI Fu`kvIN hY [ ieh iksm 140 kuieMtl pRqI eykV JwV idMdI hY [

2. lMbUqry bYNgx : bI AYc-2 (1994) : ies iksm dy p`qy hry rMg dy Aqy jwmnI BwA mwrdy hn [ pOdy drimAwny k`d dy KVHvyN Aqy PYlvyN kMfy rihq huMdy hn[ ies iksm dy &l lMbUqry gUVHy jwmnI rMg dy huMdy hn [ iek &l dw AOsq Bwr 300 gRwm huMdw hY [ ieh iksm BVQw bxwaux vwsqy cMgI hY [ ies iksm qy &l dI suMfI dw hmlw G`t huMdw hY [ ies dw AOsqn JwV 235 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [

3. lMmy bYNgx : pMjwb brswqI (1987) : ieh iksm pnIrI pu`t ky Kyq ivc lwaux qoN 64 idnW ipCoN pihlI quVweI leI iqAwr ho jWdI hY [ ies dy pOdy Coty, KVHvyN Aqy kMfy rihq huMdy hn [ p`qy hry rMg dy huMdy hn[ ies dy &l drimAwny lMmy Aqy cmkIly jwmnI huMdy hn [ AOsqn JwV140 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ ies iksm au~qy &l dI suMfI dw hmlw bhuq G`t huMdw hY Aqy brswq dy mOsm ivc lwaux leI Fu`kvIN hY [

pMjwb sdwbhwr (1987) : ieh iksm pnIrI pu`t ky Kyq ivc lwaux qoN 76 idnW ipCoN pihlI quVweI leI iqAwr ho jWdI hY [ ies iksm dy pOdy m`Dry, is`Dy Aqy kMfy rihq huMdy hn [ p`qy hry rMg dy huMdy hn [ &l lMmy, pqly Aqy gUVHy jwmnI rMg dy huMdy hn [ ies dw AOsq JwV 125 kuieMtl pRqI eykV huMdw hY [ ieh iksm grm ru`q, bhwr ru`q Aqy mUFI r`Kx leI FukvIN hY [

4. Coty bYNgx : pI bI AYc-3 (2013) : ies doglI iksm dw k`d drimAwnw, bUty BrvyN Aqy kMifAW qoN rihq hn[ ies dy p`qy hry Aqy jwmxI BwA kMifAW qoN rihq hn [ ies dy Pu`l jwmxI Aqy guiCAW ivc l`gdy hn[ ies dw Pl cmkdwr-jwmxI, Coty Awkwr dw Aqy lMbUqrw hY [ ies AgyqI iksm dw AOsqn JwV 257 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [

pMjwb ngInw (2007) : ies iksm dy bUty mDry, gUVHy hry rMg dy Aqy kMifAW qoN rihq huMdy hn [ ies dy Pu`l hlky jwmxI rMg dy Aqy fMfI hrI huMdI hY [ ies iksm nUM Coty Awkwr dy &`l gu`iCAW iv`c l`gdy hn [ &lW dw rMg kwlw-jwmxI Aqy cmkdwr huMdw hY [ ieh iksm Kyq iv`c lgwaux qoN 55 idn bwAd pihlI quVweI dy idMdI hY [ ies dw AOsqn JwV 145 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [

ibjweI dy FMg :

bIj dI mwqrw : iek eykV dI pnIrI iqAwr krn leI 300 qoN 400 gRwm bIj kw&I hY [ ieh bIj 10-15 sYNtImItr au~cIAW iek mrly (25 * 1 mItr) dIAW ikAwrIAW ivc lwauxw cwhIdw hY [

ibjweI dw smW : bYNgxW dIAW lgwqwr cwr &slW hyTW ilKy qrIky nwl lweIAW jw skdIAW hn [ 1. pihlI &sl leI pnIrI AkqUbr ivc bIjI jWdI hY Aqy nvMbr ivc bUty Kyq ivc lwey jWdy hn [ 2. dUjI &sl dI pnIrI nvMbr ivc bIjI jWdI hY Aqy &rvrI dy pihly pMdrHvwVy ivc bUty Kyq ivc lwey jWdy hn [ ieh pnIrI TMF qoN bcwauxI pYNdI hY [ 3. qIjI &sl dI pnIrI &rvrI-mwrc ivc bIjI jWdI hY Aqy ApYRl dy AMq qoN pihlW Kyq ivc lgw id`qI jWdI hY [ 4. cOQI &sl dI pnIrI julweI ivc bIjI jWdI hY Aqy Agsq ivc pu`t ky Kyq ivc lweI jWdI hY [

surMgW iv`c KyqI : bYNgx dI AgyqI Aqy izAwdw pYdwvwr lYx leI ieh ivDI lwhyvMd hY [ bYNgx dI pnIrI nvMbr dy pihly h&qy ivc kqwr qoN kqwr dw &wslw 90 sYNtImItr Aqy bUty qoN bUty dw &wslw 30 sYNtImItr r`K ky p`tVIAW aupr lgw idau [ dsMbr dy SurU iv`c lohy dy srIey dy ArD goly bxw ky 2-2 mItr dI iv`Q qy lgw idau Aqy ienHW goilAW aupr 50 mweIkron motI plwsitk SIt pw idau [ jdoN &rvrI mhIny hvw dw qwpmwn v`D jwvy qW ienHW SItW nUM auqwr idau [

&wslw : kqwrW ivckwr 60 sYNtImItr Aqy bUitAW ivckwr 30-45 sYNtImItr &wslw r`Ko [

KwdW : ds tn rUVI dI Kwd 25 iklo nweItRojn (55 iklo XUrIAw), 25 iklo &wsPors (155 iklo supr&wsPyt) Aqy 12 iklo potwS (20 iklo imaUryt Aw& potwS) pRqI eykV firl kro [ swrI Kwd pOdy Kyq ivc lwaux smyN fir`l nwl pwE [ do quVweIAW ipCoN 25 iklo nweItRojn (55 iklo XUrIAw) pRqI eykV dy ihswb nwl iPr pwE[

pwxI : pihlw pwxI pnIrI Kyq ivc lwaux qoN POrn bwAd lwE[ grmIAW ivc isMcweI dw vkPw zmIn dI iksm qy vI inrBr hY [ ku`l 10-16 pwxIAW dI loV hY [

quVweI : &l quVweI vyly pUry Awkwr dy Aqy nrm hox [ Br mOsm ivc quVweI hr h&qy kro [

bIj auqpwdn : bYNgx dw bIj pYdw krn smyN iek iksm qoN dUsrI iksm dw &wslw 200 mItr r`Kxw zrUrI hY [ Su`D bIj vwsqy &sl dw Pu`l pYx qoN pihlW, Pu`lW smyN, &l bxn smyN Aqy quVweI smyN inrIKx krnw cwhIdw hY [ inrIKx smyN Epry Aqy ibmwrI vwly bUty pu`t idau [ jdoN &l p`k ky pIlw ho jwvy qW aus iv`coN bIj k`F lE [ bIj nUM cMgI qrHW sw& krky sukwaux auprMq pYk kro [

pOd-sur`iKAw : bYNgxW nUM keI qrHW dIAW ibmwrIAW Aqy kIVy mkOVy l`g jWdy hn[ ienHW ivcoN mu`K ibmwrIAW qy kIVy mkOVy qy aunHW dI rokQwm A`gy d`sI hY [ brinjal

brinjal