iBMfI

mOsm Aqy zmIn : iBMfI grm Aqy drimAwny grm mOsm dI &sl hY [ ies dI pYdwvwr vwsqy iek lMmw grm Aqy islHw mOsm cwhIdw hY [ ies &sl dw vwDw brswq ru`q iv`c izAwdw huMdw hY [ iBMfI dy bIj 20 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf qwpmwn qoN Q`ly nhIN puMgrdy Aqy puMgrn vwsqy FukvW qwpmwn 29 ifgrI sYNtIgRyf hY [ iBMfI hr qrHW dI zmIn iv`c pYdw kIqI jw skdI hY pr zmIn BurBurI hoxI cwhIdI hY [ hlkI Aqy ryqlI mYrw qoN mYrw zmIn ies &sl leI FukvIN hY [ iBMfI kuJ qyzwbI zmIn nUM sih skdI hY ijs dI pI AYc 6.0 qoN 6.8 hovy [

au~nq iksmW

pMjwb-8 (1995) : ies iksm dy bUty drimAwny au~cy Aqy qxy qy jwmnI rMg dy f`b hMudy hn [ ies dy p`qy fUMGy k`tvyN Aqy iknwry G`t dMidAW vwly huMdy hn [ p`qy, qxy Aqy fMfI au~qy G`t lUM huMdy hn [ ies dy &l pqly, lMmy, gUVHy hry rMg dy Aqy pMj nukrW vwly huMdy hn [ ies iksm ivc pIlIey (ivSwxUM rog) nUM sihx dI smr`Qw hY [ ieh iksm jYisf qy icqkbrI suMfI dy hmly nUM kuJ h`d q`k shwr skdI hY [ ieh iksm f`bwbMdI vwsqy vI cMgI hY [ ies dw AOsq JwV 55 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ ieh iksm &rvrI-mwrc Aqy jUn-julweI dI ibjweI leI Fu`kvIN hY [

pMjwb-7 (1986) : ies dy bUty drimAwny au~cy Aqy qxy qy jwmnI rMg dy f`b huMdy hn [ iesdy p`qy fUMGy k`tvyN, ijnHW dy iknwry G`t dMidAW vwly huMdy hn [ fMfI dw hyTlw ih`sw gUVHw jwmnI rMg dw huMdw hY [ p`iqAW, qxy qy fMfI auqy lUM huMdy hn [ ies iksm dy &l drimAwny lMmy, hry nrm Aqy pMj DwrIAW vwly huMdy hn [ &l dI nok KuMFI huMdI hY [ ies iksm ivc pIlIey (ivSwxUM rog) nUM sihx dI smr`Qw hY [ ies dw AOsq JwV vI 45 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ ieh iksm &rvrI-mwrc Aqy jUn-julweI dI ibjweI leI Fu`kvIN hY [

pMjwb pdmnI (1982) : ies dy bUty dy qxy Aqy fMfI qy jwmnI D`by huMdy hn [ iesdy p`qy lUMAW vwly Aqy &l qyzI nwl vDx vwly, gUVHy hry, pqly lMmy Aqy pMj DwrIAW vwly huMdy hn jo ik izAwdw dyr q`k nrm rihMdy hn [ ies iksm nUM pIlIey dI ibmwrI G`t l`gdI hY Aqy iesdI nvIN Pot qy ivSwxUM rog dIAW inSwnIAW kw&I dyr bwAd AwauNdIAW hn [ ieh iksm pihlI quVweI leI 60 idnW ivc iqAwr ho jWdI hY [ ies dw AOsq JwV 45 kuieMtl pRqI eykV hY [ ieh iksm bhwr Aqy brswq ru`q dI ibjweI leI Fu`kvIN hY [

kwSq dy FMg :

ibjweI dw smW : pMjwb iv`c ieh &sl bhwr ru`q Aqy grmIAW iv`c &rvrI-mwrc Aqy brswq iv`c jUn-julweI iv`c bIjI jWdI hY[

bIj dI mwqrw : pMdrW qoN ATwrW iklo bIj pRqI eykV A`D &rvrI dI ibjweI vwsqy, 8-10 iklo bIj mwrc dI ibjweI vwsqy Aqy 4-6 iklo bIj jUn-julweI vwsqy kwPI hY [ ibjweI qoN pihlW bIj nUM 24 GMty leI pwxI iv`c iBauxw zrUrI hY [ ies dI ibjweI &rvrI- mwrc ivc v`tW qy Aqy jUn-julweI iv`c p`Dr zmIn qy krnI cwhIdI hY [

&wslw : kqwr qoN kqwr dw &wslw 45 sYNtImItr Aqy bUty qoN bUty dw &wslw 15 sYNtImItr hoxw cwhIdw hY [ ipCyqI ibjweI vwsqy &wslw QoVw ijhw vDwauxw cwhIdw hY [

KwdW : 15-20 tn glI-sVI rUVI dI Kwd nUM cMgI qrHW ibjweI qoN pihlW zmIn iv`c rlwauxw cwhIdw hY [ BrpUr &sl leI 36 iklo nweItRojn (80 iklo XUrIAw) pRqI eykV Awm zmInW vwsqy is&wrS kIqI jWdI hY [ A`DI nweItRojn ibjweI vyly Aqy A`DI pihlI quVweI qoN bwAd pwau [

ndInW dI rokQwm : ndInW dI rokQwm leI 3-4 gofIAW zrUrI hn [ pihlI gofI &sl au~gx qoN do h&qy ip`CoN kro [ ies ip`CoN gofIAW 15 idn dy vk&y qy krdy rho [ ndInW dI rokQwm ndIn nwSk dvweIAW nwl vI kIqI jw skdI hY [ &sl bIjx qoN 4 idn pihlW 800 imlIiltr qoN ie`k iltr bwswiln 45 eI sI (PlUklorwiln) pRqI eykV dy ihswb iCVko [ iCVkwA ip`CoN Kyq iv`c hYro zrUr Pyro [ 5 jykr bwswiln nw imly qW 2 iltr lwso pRqI eykV ibjweI qo ie`k idn ip`CoN iCVko[ dvweI nUM 200-225 iltr pwxI iv`c Gol ky ie`kswr spryA kro [ jykr spryA krn ip`CoN vI Kyq iv`c kw&I ndIn jwpx qW ibjweI qoN 60 idnW bwAd ie`k gofI kro [ stONp 30 eI sI (pYNfImYQwiln) iek iltr pRqI eykV jW 750 imlIiltr stONp pRqI eykV + ie`k gofI pRqI eykV ibjweI qoN ie`k idn ip`CoN vI ndInW dI rokQwm krn iv`c brwbr kwmXwb hn [ ies qoN ielwvw lwso 50 eI.sI. (AYlwklor) 2 iltr pRqI eykV ibjweI qoN iek idn ipCoN vrqI jw skdI hY [

pwxI : ibjweI TIk v`qr vwlI zmIn iv`c kro [ grmIAW iv`c pihlw pwxI 4-5 idn bwAd Aqy iPr 6-7 idn dy vk&y qy lwau [ bhwr ru`q iv`c 10-12 idn bwAd Aqy brswq iv`c G`t isMcweI dI zrUrq hY [ ku`l 10-12 pwxIAW dI loV hY [

quVweI : iksm Aqy mOsm muqwbk &sl 45-50 idnW iv`c quVweI Xog ho jWdI hY [ nrm &l (10 sYNtImItr) hI qoVo [ Br mOsm iv`c quVweI QoVHy vk&y qy kro [ Awm qOr qy 10-12 quVweIAW kIqIAW jw skdIAW hn [

bIj auqpwdn : bIj dy auqpwdn vwsqy iBMfI dIAW iksmW ivckwr G`to G`t 200 mItr dw &wslw r`iKAw jwxw zrUrI hY [ iek eykV vwsqy 5-6 iklo bIj dI zrUrq huMdI hY [ ibjweI p`DrI zmIn qy kqwr qoN kqwr 60 sYNtImItr Aqy bUty qoN bUty dw 25 sYNtImItr dw &wslw r`K ky krnI cwhIdI hY [ Su`D bIj dI pRwpqI leI G`to G`t iqMn vwrI Kyq dw inrIKx krnw zrUrI hY [ pihlw Pu`l Awaux qoN pihlW, dUsrw Pu`l Awaux qy Aqy qIsrw &sl dI quVweI smyN kro [ vwDU (rihMd-KUMhd) Aqy bImwr bUty pu`t ky nSt kr idE [ bIj vwlI &sl 90-100 idnW iv`c p`k jWdI hY [ p`kx dy muqwbk iBMfIAW nUM 3-4 vwrI qoVnw cwhIdw hY [ qoVIAW hoeIAW iBMfIAW nUM Du`p iv`c sukw ky bIj k`F ky sw& kr lvo[ iek eykV iv`coN qkrIbn 5-6 kuieMtl bIj dI pYdwvwr huMdI hY [

bhindi

bhindi